This course offers rare access to Eritrea, a country that has been extremely isolated due to 20-years of conflict and nine years of sanctions. Despite this, Eritrea today may be the purest example of people-based development and African solutions to African problems. The country has no World Bank or USAID programs, and no NGOs, yet surprisingly, the UN reports Eritrea is on target for the SDGs, and is doing ground-breaking work in agriculture and food security. Witness Eritrea as it is emerging from isolation with a 360-view that offers a unique glimpse into the cost of conflict and war, an inspiring look at what a country that is truly devoted to African-led development can do, and an opportunity to witness how narratives can be intertwined – and even become drivers – of conflict and development.
Eritrea and Ethiopia recently signed a peace agreement that ended their 20-year conflict. The young nation has only seen seven years of peace since gaining independence from Ethiopia in 1991, and prior to that fought a 30-year war to gain independence. Throughout, the leaders have continually espoused a commitment to development, even instituting literacy and health programs while still a rebel force. Given this history, Eritrea provides an ideal opportunity to study the nature of government driven post conflict programming that has not been subjugated to the Global North’s peace building agenda, programming, or assessment strategies. But it also provides an opportunity to explore, and challenge, the narratives about Eritrea, and African development more broadly.
Our trip to Eritrea will focus on the country’s efforts towards self-reliant development, exploring the locally initiated and implemented peace building process that is impacting and transforming the strategically important Horn of Africa. We begin in the capital, Asmara, where we will meet with officials from Eritrean Ministries of Health, Education, Agriculture, Social Welfare, and others involved with development. We will also meet with civil society, international diplomats, and the private sector. We will then drive towards the port city of Massawa along the Red Sea, visiting health clinics, schools, and rural development projects along the way. At the coast, we will see economic development projects and coastline preservation initiatives. After 3 days in the coastal low-land region, we will then return to the capital for the night before venturing south to the high-lands along the great Rift Valley, visiting Eritrea’s agriculture programs, meeting with local governments on decentralization initiatives, visiting schools, clinics and other development projects, including initiatives to integrate people displaced due to war. We will return to the capital in time for Martyr’s Day, the most solemn day on the Eritrean calendar. We will take part in the morning commemoration, visit the “Tank Graveyard” with independence fighter from the 30-year war to hear their recollections and narratives, and later join Eritreans in the evening candlelight procession down the main avenue. Final briefings with government and civil society, followed by an evening cultural reception, will bring to an end our trip to Eritrea.
The course will be taught by Dr. Sara Cobb, founder of S-CAR’s Center for Narrative and Conflict Resolution, author of Speaking of Violence: The Politics and Poetics of Narrative in Conflict Resolution, and a leading authority on narrative discourse in conflict resolution. Joining Dr. Cobb will be Carol Pineau, a journalist and filmmaker who lived in Eritrea, reporting for CNN during the height of the war. Her first documentary, Africa Open for Business, which won the BBC Documentary of the Year and contributed towards changing US media coverage on Africa, was inspired by Eritrea’s unique development model.
This program is open to juniors and seniors, as well as graduate students, including those who do not attend George Mason University
Students will be registered for a 6 credits of coursework. There is an online/Blackboard component that will be open in May and must be completed before the program begins.
Graduate: 6 credits
Undergraduate: 6 credits - Undergraduates must be a junior or senior to apply for the program. All undergraduates (from all institutions) must have approval from their academic advisors for this course.
- Conflict Analysis - CONF 625
- Conflict Analysis - CONF 704 or CONF 695
- Conflict Analysis - CONF 385 International Field Experience
- Conflict Analysis - CONF 397 Study Abroad Special Topics
June 7 - June 21, 2021
Please note this course will include an online course requirement that will be available on Blackboard on in December. Students are expected to complete the online requirements before their departure in June.
The dates listed above are in-country days of the program. Students and faculty will travel together as a group to Eritrea.
* Dates and itinerary subject to change. The Global Education Office reserves the right to make changes to a program in light of currency fluctuations, changing security and safety conditions, and/or any other unforeseen circumstances.
||Blackboard course opens
||Mandatory Pre-trip session
||Arrive in Asmara | welcome dinner and Briefing
||Briefings with Eritrean Ministries of Agriculture, Health, Education, National Development, Human Welfare, Defense, Justice, Information, the Youth and Student Union, the Women’s Union, and others
||Day trip to see ancient ruins of Qohaito
||Day trip to see sites of the major battles during the past war and visit a village created to integrate Eritreans deported from Ethiopia or displaced from the border region.
||Day trip to Mendafera, to see regional development.
||Day trip to Keren to see agricultural development, small scale farm program, and camel market
||Briefings in Asmara and special trip on historic train
||Depart for Massawa and Red Sea coast, visiting the port and economic development projects, as well as conservation projects. Return to Asmara evening of June 18.
||Briefings in Asmara. Luncheon with Eritrean writers. Candlelight procession on the eve of Martyr’s Day with Asmarinos
||Martyr’s Day - Go to commemoration event in the morning. Reflective discussion in the afternoon
||Day free in Asmara. Depart Asmara for Addis Ababa and Washington on Ethiopian Airlines. Arrive in Washington on June 21, at 8:15am. (Students may choose a different flight or an extended stay in Asmara.)
Summer 2021: Coming soon!
Included: Tuition for 6 credits, double occupancy lodging at local guesthouse, two to three meals per day, guided tours and field excursions as described in itinerary, transportation in Eritrea, international emergency medical insurance.
Not included: Round-trip airfare*, passport and visa fees, personal spending, required textbooks and/or course materials.
*Note: This program does not include a group flight. Information regarding arrival times and location will be sent out to all participants after the application deadline. Do not purchase airfare until you receive the "Green Light for Flights" notice from the Global Education Office via email. The notice will include information on the arrival/departure airports, flight times, and where to meet the group. Students who fail to follow the guidelines GEO sends out will be responsible for applicable costs of changing their flights.
Students on MasonGEO programs must pay the advertised program cost in order to participate. This cost will be made in three payments (Deposit + First Payment + Final Payment). Students using financial aid can provide additional paperwork in lieu of deposit and final balance payments.
A non-refundable program deposit $200 must be received by the application deadline. This fee is paid online through the MasonAbroad application system and is included in the program fee.
A non-refundable payment of $1000 must be received by March 20, 2021.
This fee is paid online through the MasonAbroad application system and is included in the program fee. Students who are using financial aid may have this payment deadline extended. See "Financial Aid" information below.
In the event that a student’s financial aid or VA Benefits is estimated to cover the entire costs of the study abroad program, the entire charge will be posted to their student account, since that is where the aid will be applied. In this case students do not pay their first payment through MasonAbroad. However students must submit their “Intent to Use Financial Aid” form by the first deposit deadline.
The final balance payment is due by April 10, 2021
. This is the difference of your Program Cost minus the $1200 you've already paid (Deposit + First Payment). Students who are using financial aid may have this payment deadline extended. See "Financial Aid" information below.
Financial Aid and VA Benefits
: Students who intend to use financial aid or VA benefits to fund their program fees (partially or in full) must have the "Intent to Use Financial Aid" or "Intent to Use VA Benefits Form" completed and on file with the Global Education Office by the First Payment deadline. The "Intent to Use Financial Aid" form is available in the MasonAbroad application system once you have started your application for this program. If you are using VA Benefits please contact your program officer to request the "Intent to Use VA Benefits Form."
Withdrawal and Refund Policy:
All participants are bound by the Mason GEO Withdrawal and Refund Policy.
March 10, 2021
S-CAR Application Questions: This questionnaire includes questions about previous experiences and coursework relevant to your program participation.
Course Selection Questionnaire: You will choose the course(s) you would like to be receive credit for on this program. Check the "Academics" tab to see what courses are offered on this program. If you need help selecting your course, check with your academic advisor.
Passport Status Questionnaire: You do not need a passport to complete this questionnaire or the application. However, if you do not have a valid passport, you should begin applying for one now.
Signature Documents: Read and electronically "sign" the documents regarding the acknowledgement of risk, the pre-departure orientation, and your financial responsibility.
Intent to Use Financial Aid Form: For Mason students only. If you use financial aid, this form must be completed by your financial aid counselor and submitted by the 1st payment deadline.
Additional requirements for non-Mason applicants:
Official transcript: To be mailed or emailed to the Global Education Office at George Mason University.
Non-degree Contract Course/Admission Form: Please complete the form and upload it into the questionnaire.
* Additional application requirements may apply to individual programs. Once you open your application, you will see all application requirements.